Definition and purpose of Environmental Integrity
Environmental Integrity is a key principle enshrined in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. However, it is not explicitly defined in the document.
Schneider and La Hoz Theuer (2018) analyzed possible definitions from different sources and propose that environmental integrity in international carbon markets is served by actions that result in “no increase in global aggregate emissions”. This avoids unintentional consequences from the use of market mechanisms and safeguards their purpose.
Moreover, environmental integrity is safeguarded when:
- Mitigation benefits are “real, measurable and long term”.
- Additionality is ensured.
- Emission reductions are verified and certified by designated operational entities.