The development of any GHG mitigation project entails 3 main steps:
- Choosing a Methodology
- Determining the Baseline
- Proving Additionality
What is Additionality?
The concept of additionality is important as only carbon credits from projects that are “additional to” the business-as-usual scenario represents a net environmental benefit.
Without the “additionality” requirement, there is no guarantee that the emissions reduction activities will lead to a reduction of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
To qualify as a genuine carbon offset, the reductions achieved by a project need to be ‘additional’ to what would have happened if the project had not been carried out (e.g., continued as business-as-usual).
To avoid giving credits for emission reductions that would have occurred anyways as a business-as-usual scenario, there are specified tools to ensure that the Project reduces emissions more than what would have occurred in the absence of the Project.